Phalguni Dasgupta is a versatile artist. In 1959, he graduated from the Government College of Art and Craft, Calcutta (now Kolkata). He joined the art department of Bimal Roy Productions in 1960 where he worked for two years. After this he taught for seven years at Sainik school in Purulia.
He later worked as an illustrator for the National Book Trust. In 1987 and 1989 he got the AIFACS award for painting. He became the head of the applied arts department at the Delhi College of Art in 1994.
He brought the pastoral landscape, formerly relegated to the background of courtly miniatures, to the forefront. He blends Bengal folk with cubism in his artworks. The artist lives in Dehradun.